General - The discussion in this section pertains to holding and shuttle procedures during arrival. Instrument Approach considerations are found later in this chapter. However, much of the information on holds and shuttles that applies to arrivals in general, applies as well to instrument approaches.
Aircraft Configuration [Specify the procedure that applies to your type of aircraft for a hold or shuttle during arrival. Include such information as: speed, flap setting, engine power, and icing considerations. An example follows.] - During a hold or shuttle, use a target holding speed of _____ KIAS and flap setting of ___%. A power setting of about ____% will be required. To minimize fuel burn, a constant power setting should be used and the speed allowed to vary slightly during turns. Should icing conditions be encountered, the normal ice protection procedures should be followed and a speed of ____ KIAS should be used with zero flap. If the speed for inflight icing is in excess of the maximum speed published for the hold/shuttle, hold at the maximum hold/shuttle speed and exit icing conditions as soon as possible or, if possible, obtain clearance from ATC for higher speed. Plan flight so as to enter the holding/shuttle procedure at no more than the maximum permissible speed.
Operational Considerations - If the purpose of the hold is to wait until commencing an approach, ensure that sufficient fuel is available and that the weather is satisfactory for the planned procedure. If either is unsuitable, proceed to an alternate destination. If fuel and weather are suitable, consider reducing speed prior to entering the hold if a fuel saving can be realized. Note that a speed reduction while flying in controlled airspace may require approval from ATC. See the AIP for speed change limitations.
Crew Coordination - Before commencing a hold/shuttle procedure, the PF should brief the PNF on the procedure to be flown. The briefing should contain at least the following information:
the dimensions of the hold/shuttle, ie., timings or distances;
The PNF should verify that the information is appropriate and advise the PF if changes are required.
Navigation [In this subsection discuss set-up of navigation aids (in particular RNAV systems) and crew coordination (include which flight crew member does the timing during a holding/shuttle procedure)].