lunes, 19 de mayo de 2014

Single-Pilot Resource Management

A. Single-pilot Resource Management (SRM)

1. Define the term “single-pilot resource management.” (FAA-H-8083-9)

SRM is the art and science of managing all the resources (both onboard the aircraft and from outside sources) available to a single pilot (prior to and during flight) to ensure that the successful outcome of the flight is never in doubt.

2. What are examples of the skills necessary for effective SRM? (FAA-H-8083-25)

SRM includes the concepts of aeronautical decision making, risk management, task management, automation management, controlled flight into terrain awareness, and situational awareness.

3. What practical application provides a pilot with an effective method to practice SRM? (FAA-H8083-9)

The “Five P” checklist consists of the Plan, the Plane, the Pilot, the Passengers, and the Programming. It is based on the idea that the pilot has essentially five variables that impact his or her environment, which can cause the pilot to make a single critical decision or several less critical decisions, and when they are all added together, can create a critical outcome.

4. When is the use of the Five P checklist recommended? (FAA-H-8083-9)

The Five P (or 5P) concept relies on the pilot to adopt a scheduled review of the critical variables at points in the flight where decisions are most likely to be effective. These key decision points include preflight, pre-takeoff, hourly or at the midpoint of the flight, pre-descent, and just prior to the final approach fix or, for VFR operations, just prior to entering the traffic pattern. They also should be used anytime an emergency situation arises.

5. Explain the use of the Five P model and the risk associated with each of the five factors. (FAA-H8083-9)

At each of the key decision points, application of the 5P checklist should be performed by reviewing each of the critical variables:

Plan—planning, weather, route, fuel, publications, ATC reroutes/delays.
Plane—mechanical status, database currency, automation status, backup systems.
Pilot—illness, medication, stress, alcohol, fatigue, eating (IMSAFE).
Passengers—pilot or non-pilot, experienced or inexperienced, nervous or calm, etc.
Programming—GPS, autopilot, PFD/MFD, possible reroutes requiring reprogramming.

Cooperación IVI. Andrej Ostojic

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